Peanut bud necrosisCaused by: Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)
Problem Category: Viral Disease
Symptoms: Chlorotic spots or mottled patterns on leaves; drooping leaflets during hot weather; necrosis of terminal buds; stunted growth; new leaflets are reduced in size and may be puckered with mosaic mottling.
Comments: Both viruses have an extremely wide host range and are transmitted by thrips vectors.
Management: Use high quality seed and use adequate plant spacings to avoid overcrowding; provide plants with adequate irrigation and fertilization to encourage the fast establishment of seedlings and growth of a close canopy which is unattractive to thrips vectors; intercropping peanut with sorghum or millet can reduce disease incidence.